If you only use water once - Cooking, washing dishes, washing clothes, and showering - then you are wasting an opportunity.
I want to optimize my homestead so I'm looking for ways to reuse my resources. When using water a second time (called greywater - dirty water from washing dishes then goes to the garden irrigation lines) you double the amount of water you have.
The potential problem comes from using soaps that will kill your whole garden. Salts, chemicals etc can kill bacteria and plants and leave you hungry.
Im starting doing research into how to clean my dishes and clothes while still using that water for greywater irrigation under my plants. This is copied from: https://www.thisoldhouse.com/ideas/plant-friendly-soaps-are-safe-greywater-irrigation
There are different strategies when it comes to making money and sustaining yourself on a homestead or completely off-grid. If you want to make money off-grid, the best way is to combine these strategies into a combination that works best for you.
I know this post is going to get some weird responses so I'll try to get all the nuts and bolts up front.
You can compost human waste and in 1 year it is completely pathogen free and super fertile dirt that can be used on whatever you feel like growing.
There's a cool (albeit unique) way of using composting toilets that saves a bajillion gallons of water every year.
Chickens are the key ingredient for a successful Permaculture Food Forest.
To build a food forest, you need to build an ecosystem where all your plants AND animals work together. Ground fowl including chickens, turkeys, guinea hens, etc will fill that role eating bugs, turning up soil, and keeping everything healthy.
Before you pick which plants you want to plant on your homestead, take a moment to do some homework about what kind of environment they like and what their needs are.
The first step is the Plant Hardiness Zone. This is a map that takes into account the average annual extreme minimum temperature of a location to determine which plants will live there. (Does it get too cold or not cold enough)
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